If you are looking for a solution to hyperpigmentation, sun spots, dark spots, or other skin pigmentation issues, in this blog, we discuss the causes and top solutions for dark spots. If you have noticed more dark spots visible on your skin lately and wonder what’s causing them. Here we discuss what causes hyperpigmentation in the first place and how to brighten dark spots on the face.
The Main Causes of Dark Spots
Oily, Dry, Fair, or Dark – It doesn’t matter what skin type you have, dark spots can happen. if you are worried that what causes these spots to darken over time, the answer is “Melanin”. The skin contains an amount of melanin – a pigment produced by your skin cells. It gives protection to your skin while excessive amounts of melanin cause hyperpigmentation.
Excessive Melanin is responsible for dark spots and patches that are darker in appearance than the surrounding skin, which can lead to skin discoloration and uneven skin tone. Usually, hyperpigmentation affects anyone, darker skin tones seem to be more susceptible to it. If hyperpigmentation has become an issue for you, here are the reasons why it happens:
- Sun Exposure
Sun exposure is one of the main causes of dark spots, when your skin comes in contact with harmful UV rays, it releases melanin to protect itself. Melanin acts as a natural sunscreen, absorbing the energy from UV rays and repositioning it. However, too much sun exposure at once can cause an overload of melanin, resulting in dark spots. Hyperpigmentation is also a result of sun-damaged skin over the years, driven by frequent exposure to the sun while the skin was left unprotected.
Give Protection to Your Skin
To avoid any skin pigmentation, it will be good to give your skin some protection. In your daily skincare routine, sunscreen is very essential to protecting your skin and preventing dark spots from forming. You should also wear sun hats and apply sunscreen before stepping outside. By adding daily sunscreen to your morning skincare routine, you take preventive measures to protect your skin now and in the future.
Hormones are also responsible for dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Extra hormones boost melanin production and leave your skin with dark spots on your cheeks, jawline, nose, forehead, or chin. This type of hyperpigmentation is not always permanent and usually lasts until your hormone levels return to balance. Hormone imbalance leading to hyperpigmentation is commonly shown in pregnant women, people undergoing hormone therapies, and those who recently changed their birth control.
The most appropriate way to get rid of pigmentation issues is to bring your hormones back into balance. For this, you should consult with your healthcare professional to develop a plan that best works for your and your body’s unique needs. You can apply topical antioxidants-rich skincare products to improve the appearance of discoloration and uneven skin tone, and ultimately improve radiance and luminosity for healthy-looking skin.
The third most common cause of dark spots is inflammation. Acne, allergic reactions, and skin conditions like eczema can contribute to skin discoloration. When any damage is caused to the skin, it tries to heal itself, which causes excess melanin production. This excess melanin darkens the skin, meaning that, means that even after the wound has healed, a dark spot is left behind.
Inflammation is a natural response in the body, don’t take stress if you experience it. When it comes to your skin, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation happens because your body is trying to heal itself. You should avoid inflammation by choosing not to pick at pimples, don’t use any harsh chemicals, or undergoing intense skin treatments that might bother your skin texture and tone. When you use any acne scar products, make sure they are gentle on the skin and follow up with a soothing moisturizer.
Now you have better understood the cause and solution of dark spots. Simply follow a good skincare routine suited for your skin type. If you spend a lot of time outdoors and too much sun exposure, you should use a high SPF sunscreen as a must-have in your skincare regimen. skin health experts always recommend using sunscreen daily as the last step of your skincare routine. You should use sunscreen with a minimum of SPF30 protection to help minimize age spots surfacing in the future.
Here are some daily skincare products that help you to reduce dark spots and give you an even skin tone.
- Cosrx Low pH Good Morning Gel Cleanser
- Etude House Moistfull Collagen
- Mary & May Lemon Niacinamide Glow Wash Off Pack Radiance
- Cosrx Acne Pimple Master Patch
- Etude House 0.2Mm Therapy Air Mask
- Beauty Formulas Ginger & Turmeric
- Cosrx Centella Blemish Cream – 30g
- Isntree Hyaluronic Acid Watery Sun Gel